Basic Spanish Words and Sentences That You Must Know

Written by Barry Allen

November 19, 2022

Basic Spanish Words and Sentences That You Must Know

Introduction

Some fundamental Spanish phrases are more valuable than others.

Why not concentrate on mastering these words first? We chose to write this post for you specifically for that reason.

The essential Spanish phrases covered in this post will help you communicate better if you’re just beginning to learn Spanish or are already fluent.

If you’re soon traveling to a Spanish-speaking country, these will be especially useful to you.

Basic Spanish Words and Sentences That You Must Know

The following are the 30 basic Spanish words and sentences that you must know:

  1. Hola, me llamo …….

Hi! I am [your name].

This is a basic greeting when you meet someone new to introduce yourself.

2. ¿Cómo estás?

How are you?

When you run into friends, family, or anyone you want to start a discussion with, you usually do it this way.

3. Estoy bien, gracias 
I’m good, you?

You can use this phrase to tell them that you are fine and ask about them in return.

4. Mucho gusto

Nice to meet you.

This phrase can be used to tell someone how nice you feel about meeting someone.

5. Lo siento.

I’m sorry

If you are looking to apologize, you can say ‘I’m sorry’.

6. Cuál es tu número de teléfono

  What is your phone number?

If you want to have someone’s phone number, you can use the above phrase.

7. De dónde eres

Where are you from?

You can use this phrase to know where a person is.

8. ¿a qué te dedicas?

 What do you do?

You can use this phrase to find out someone’s profession.

9. ¿qué quieres decir?

    What do you mean?

If you are looking to know the meaning of what someone said, you can use this phrase.

10. Qué quiere decir esto

What does this mean?

If you want to know the meaning of something, use this phrase.

11. Yo no comprendo

I do not understand.

You can use this phrase if you do not understand something.

12. ¿qué opinas?

What do you think?

If you want to know someone’s opinion, you can use this phrase.

13. Qué piensa usted al respect

How does that sound?

If you want to confirm how your idea sounds, you can use this phrase.

14. Por favor, habla más despacio

Could you speak a little slower?

If you want someone to speak slowly, you can use this phrase.

15. puedes repetir

Could you repeat that?

If you didn’t understand something that someone said, and you want him or her to repeat something. You can use the above phrase.

16. Te veo pronto

See you soon

To tell someone you’ll meet or see someone soon, you can use the above phrase.

17. Dónde puedo encontrar…….

Where can I find …….?

For instance, if you are looking for a place, a hotel, a restaurant, or anything else, you can use this phrase.

For example: Where can I find a medical store/ tea shop/ general store?

18. ¿Cómo te llamas? 
What’s your name?

You can use this phrase to know someone’s name.

19. Cómo puedo ayudarte

How can I help you?

If you need/ want to help someone, you can use this phrase.

20. Cuanto cuesta

How much does this/that cost?

To know the cost of something, use this phrase.

21. No sé española (female) / español (male)

I don’t know Spanish.

If you want to tell someone you are not good at Spanish, use this phrase. This will be helpful if you have just started learning Spanish and are still not comfortable communicating fluently.

22. tengo hambre

I am hungry.

If you are hungry and you want to tell someone, use this phrase.

23. estoy sediento

I’m thirsty.

Use this phrase to tell someone you are thirsty.

24. Estoy perdido/a

I’m lost

25. ¿Qué hora es?

What time is it?

Basic Spanish words that you should know:

  • Hola = Hello
  • Adiós = Goodbye
  • Disculpa = Excuse me
  • Por favor = Please
  • Gracias = Thank you
  • Buenos días = Good morning
  • Buenas tardes = Good afternoon
  • Buenas noches = Good evening
  • Lo siento = Sorry
  • Salud = Bless you (after someone sneezes)
  •  = Yes
  • No = No
  • ¿Quién? = Who?
  • ¿Qué? = What?
  • ¿Por qué? = Why?
  • ¿Dónde? = Where?
  • Uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez = 1 to 10 counting

Conclusion

We hope these foundational words and phrases will improve your ability to speak Spanish confidently.

The first few times won’t be simple, so practice is the only and best option.

And always remember to prioritize the most important terms first rather than attempting to memorize all the phrases we shared with you today.

 

 

Author

  • Barry Allen

    Barry Allen is a Technical writer at Layman Solution. He is an expert in writing How To and Fixes articles.

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