Some fundamental Russian phrases are more valuable than others.
Why not concentrate on mastering these words first? We chose to write this post for you specifically for that reason.
The essential Russian phrases covered in this post will help you communicate better if you’re just beginning to learn Russian or are already fluent.
If you’re soon traveling to a Russian-speaking country, these will be especially useful to you.
Basic Russian Words and Sentences That You Must Know
The following are the basic Russian words and sentences that you must know:
- Privet. YA…….
Hi! I am [your name].
This is a basic greeting when you meet someone new to introduce yourself.
2. Kak dela
How are you?
When you run into friends, family, or anyone you want to start a discussion with, you usually do it this way.
3. ya khorosho a ty
I’m good, you?
You can use this phrase to tell them that you are fine and ask about them in return.
4. rad vstreche
Nice to meet you.
This phrase can be used to tell someone how nice you feel about meeting someone.
5. Mne zhalʹ
If you are looking to apologize, you can say ‘I’m sorry’.
6. Kakoy u tebya nomer telefona
What is your phone number?
If you want to have someone’s phone number, you can use the above phrase.
7. Otkuda vy
Where are you from?
You can use this phrase to know where a person is.
8. Chto vy delayete?
What do you do?
You can use this phrase to find out someone’s profession.
9. chto ty imeyeshʹ v vidu
What do you mean?
If you are looking to know the meaning of what someone said, you can use this phrase.
10. Chto eto znachit
What does this mean?
If you want to know the meaning of something, use this phrase.
11. YA ne ponimayu
I do not understand.
You can use this phrase if you do not understand something.
12. chto ty dumayeshʹ
What do you think?
If you want to know someone’s opinion, you can use this phrase.
13. kak eto zvuchit
How does that sound?
If you want to confirm how your idea sounds, you can use this phrase.
14. Ne mogli by vy govoritʹ pomedlenneye
Could you speak a little slower?
If you want someone to speak slowly, you can use this phrase.
15. mozheshʹ povtoritʹ to
Could you repeat that?
If you didn’t understand something that someone said, and you want him or her to repeat something. You can use the above phrase.
16. do skorogo
See you soon
To tell someone you’ll meet or see someone soon, you can use the above phrase.
17. Gde ya mogu nayti …….
Where can I find …….?
For instance, if you are looking for a place, a hotel, a restaurant, or anything else, you can use this phrase.
For example: Where can I find a medical store/ tea shop/ general store?
18. kak tebya zovut?
What’s your name?
You can use this phrase to know someone’s name.
19. vy ne mogli by mne pomochʹ
Can you help me?
If you need/ want to help someone, you can use this phrase.
20. skolʹko eto stoit
How much does this/that cost?
To know the cost of something, use this phrase.
21. YA ne znayu russkogo
I don’t know Russian.
If you want to tell someone you are not good at Russian, use this phrase. This will be helpful if you have just started learning Russian and are still not comfortable communicating fluently.
22. ya goloden
I am hungry.
If you are hungry and you want to tell someone, use this phrase.
23. ya ispytyvayu zhazhdu
Use this phrase to tell someone you are thirsty.
24. YA poteryan
25. kotoryy seychas chas
What time is it?
Basic Russian words that you should know:
- Hello – priVET
- Good morning. – dObroye Utro
- Good afternoon. – dObriy den’
- Good evening. – dObriy VEcher
- How are you? – kak deLA?
- I’m fine, thank you. – haraSHO, spaSIbo
- I’m OK, thank you. – nePLOho, spaSIbo
- What’s your (formal/informal) name? – kak vas/teBYA zoVUT?
- My name is… – meNYA zoVUT….
- It’s nice to meet you. – priYATno poznaKOmitsa
- Goodbye. – do sviDAniya
- Good night. – DObroi NOchi
- Until next time – do VSTREchi
- Where is…? – Gde…?
- Where is the metro? – gde meTRO?
- Where is the bus? – gde avTObus?
- Is it far? – eto daleKO?
- Go straight. – iDIte PRYAmo
- 1 to 10 counting – Adin, dva, tri, chityri,
piat’, shest’, sem’, vosem’, deviat’,
We hope these foundational words and phrases will improve your ability to speak Russian confidently.
The first few times won’t be simple, so practice is the only and best option.
And always remember to prioritize the most important terms first rather than attempting to memorize all the phrases we shared with you today.